A healthy retina is critical to maintaining clear vision. The retina is best visualized with a dilated eye exam. There are also several testing modalities available to further evaluate the retinal health and function. A retinal examination is performed during a comprehensive medical eye exam.
All of our doctors screen for and manage retinal health. Unfortunately, there are several conditions that can threaten retina health. Some require further sub-specialist care.
The macula is the central part of the retina, integral to clear central vision. There are two types of Macular Degeneration, the dry type and the wet type. The dry type is most common, and consists of protein clumps called drusen accumulating under the retina with thinning of the retina. This can decrease the quality of central vision and can progress with time. Once identified, the patient will be started on specific vitamins to reduce the risk of progression and taught how to monitor for changes in between exams.
The wet type is less common, but very serious. In this type, new blood vessels grow under the macula and can cause
leakage of fluid or blood in this space. Patients with this type of Macular Degeneration are also started on the vitamins but may also
be offered injections of medication into the eye to reduce the damage. A thorough discussion is had with any patient requiring this
type of intervention.
Unfortunately, Diabetes has a number of possible complications. Such as:
- Epiretinal Membrane
- Retinal Vein Occlusions
- Retinal Tears or Detachments