Common Eye Conditions
Within our comprehensive practice, we treat vision conditions such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism through visual aids and surgical procedures if desired, as well as conditions that affect the cornea, iris, lens, vitreous, retina, eyelid and surrounding areas. Some of the most common eye conditions include:
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Macular degeneration and dystrophies
- Dry eye
- Flashing lights and floaters
- Ocular trauma
Common Eye Conditions Found During a Comprehensive Eye Examination
The most common eye conditions diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam involve refractive errors that cause blurry vision for patients. These conditions affect millions of people in the United States and often get progressively worse as patients age. Fortunately, refractive errors can be easily treated to let patients enjoy clear vision at all distances.
- Myopia, also known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, is a condition of the eyes in which nearby objects are clear and distant objects appear blurry. Almost a third of people in the United States experience some degree of nearsightedness.
- Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, a condition of the eyes where the focus on distant objects is better than the focus on objects closer to the eye, so nearby objects appear blurry. The eye is designed to focus images directly on the surface of the retina; with hyperopia, light rays focus behind the surface of the retina, producing a blurry image.
- Astigmatism occurs when the cornea – the clear covering over the eye – is slightly irregular in shape, preventing light from focusing properly on the retina in the back of the eye. With astigmatism some of that light focuses either in front of or behind the retina, resulting in vision that may be blurry for either near or far vision or, for all objects.
All of these vision conditions can be effectively treated with either eyeglasses or contact lenses. Eyewear may be used during certain activities, such as watching television or driving, or at all times.Our patients are given a wide selection of eyeglass frames, lenses and contact lenses to choose from in our Optical Shop. A full service lab is available to prepare the lenses for patients while they wait.